November 16, 2021
You’re flossing before bed one night when you suddenly notice something you’ve never seen before – a tiny bump on your gums. Icy fear rushes through you. Should you be worried? While a bump on most areas of the body is cause for immediate concern, that’s not necessarily the case for the gums. Keep reading to learn four of the most common reasons for a bump on the gums and when you should call your dentist.
The most common cause of a gum lump is an oral fibroma. These noncancerous bumps typically develop when the gum tissue has been irritated by a denture or another oral appliance. In most cases, oral fibromas are painless and don’t require treatment. However, your dentist or doctor can surgically remove it if it becomes too large.
2. Canker Sore
Canker sores are tiny ulcers that form at the base of the gums. Although they’re harmless, they can also hurt. Luckily, canker sores usually heal on their own within a week or two. In the interim, applying an over-the-counter analgesic can relieve the pain.
If you have a soft, warm bump on your gums that causes intense pain, you might have a periodontal abscess. Bacterial infections cause pus to collect in a particular area, creating a bump. Most dental abscesses are incredibly painful. If you experience pain that worsens when you lie down or seems to radiate throughout your mouth, you likely have a severe infection in your gums or tooth that needs attention from a dental professional.
4. Oral Cancer
A small growth or lump on your gums might indicate a cancerous tumor. Common signs of oral cancer include mouth pain, bleeding, difficulty chewing or swallowing, or red or white patches in your mouth. Dentists are trained to spot even the earliest signs of oral cancer and can refer you to the appropriate specialist if they detect the condition.
When to Call Your Dentist About a Bump on Your Gums
Generally, a bump on the gums isn’t anything to worry about. However, you should call your dentist or doctor right away if your lump is accompanied by any of the following:
- Persistent or throbbing pain
- Foul taste in the mouth
- A lump that doesn’t go away after several weeks
- Bleeding near the bump
When in doubt, it never hurts to reach out to your dentist. Even if your gum bump isn’t serious, you can never be too careful when it comes to the health of your smile!
About the Practice
At North Jacksonville Complete Dentistry, we help patients take a proactive approach to their oral health and stop potential issues in their tracks. Dr. William D. Baxter and Dr. Tim Bradberry combine their gentle chairside manner with leading-edge dental technology to provide expert diagnoses, ensuring patients get the precise treatment they need. If you have a bump on your gums in Jacksonville, FL, we can help! Just call us at 904-751-4958.
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